World wants change at United Nations, except 5 countries

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In recent years, many countries have called for reforms in the United Nations (UN), saying that there is inequality and injustice in the United Nations (UN), while the fact that there are only 5 countries with veto power in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) causes controversy.

World wants change at United Nations, except 5 countries

Türkiye's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's call for reform, which was initiated by saying "The world is bigger than 5", has been supported by many United Nations (UN) member countries.

China and Russia, two of the five countries in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), are uncomfortable with Western domination. China wants Asian, African, Latin American, and Arab countries to take part in the council, arguing that the UNSC is unbalanced between North and South. Russia, on the other hand, voices a policy of expansion of the UNSC to include Asian, African, and Latin American countries.

The G4 grouping of Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan is also in favor of reforming the UN. In the group's joint statement in March 2023, it was proposed to increase the number of seats in the UNSC to 25 or 26.

Permanent members of the UNSC do not represent the Muslim population of around 1.5 billion or the African countries of 1.2 billion. Europe, which accounts for about 5 percent of the world's population, is represented by two permanent members of the Council. The Arab Group opposes the reliance on the veto of the five permanent members of the UNSC in crises in the Arab region over the last 80 years.

In Türkiye's view, making the UN more democratic and accountable requires strengthening the General Assembly.

Source: Newsroom

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