The Azerbaijani army, which liberated its lands in 44 days in the Second Karabakh War, put an end to the people's longing for their homeland for years.
Armenia has organized attacks on Azerbaijani soldiers and civilians for nearly 30 years from Karabakh and the surrounding lands, which it occupied after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The increasing attacks of the Armenian army against civilians and the shelling of villages on the contact line with heavy weapons on Sept. 27, 2020, was the last straw. The Azerbaijani army launched a counter-operation on the same day on the orders of PresidentIlham Aliyev.
The operation, which turned into a "homeland war" for Azerbaijan after a while, lasted 44 days. The Azerbaijani army liberated 5 cities, 4 towns, and 286 villages from occupation.
In the war, the Azerbaijani army lost 2,908 martyrs, and 94 Azerbaijani civilians died as a result of Armenian aggression.
Armenia accepted defeat after the Azerbaijani army liberated the symbol city of Karabakh, Shusha, on Nov. 8, 2020. A trilateral declaration ending the war was signed between Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Russia on Nov. 10, 2020.
Following the declaration, the Armenian army had to leave the provinces of Aghdam, Kalbajar, and Lachin.
Although Nov. 10, the date of the signing of the trilateral declaration, was declared "Victory Day", this date was replaced by Nov. 8, the day of the liberation of Shusha from occupation, as this was the day of the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's death.
In the Second Karabakh War, Azerbaijan used armed unmanned aerial vehicles (UCAVs) extensively against the Armenian army. Many weapons and ammunition belonging to the Armenian army were destroyed by Azerbaijan's UCAVs. While the war images taken with UCAVs caused joy in Azerbaijan, they had a negative psychological impact on the Armenian side.
From the first moments of the war, Turkish state officials, especially President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, frequently declared their support for Azerbaijan. Turkiye warned third countries not to interfere in Azerbaijan's war for rights. Turkiye's support provided morale to the Azerbaijani people and army.
President Aliyev stated that Erdogan's words "Azerbaijan is not alone" in every speech on Karabakh prevented the involvement of third powers in the war and that they will never forget Turkiye's support.
The Azerbaijani government has spent the last 3 years since the end of the 2nd Karabakh War on Nov. 10, 2020, with the continuation of the Karabakh victory at the diplomatic table and the reconstruction of the regions liberated from occupation.
After the war, Azerbaijan has become a region where settlements, airports, and roads with the concept of "smart city" and "smart village" are being built and agricultural areas are being cultivated, which were destroyed and left idle by Armenians for 30 years during the occupation period and where violent clashes took place three years ago.
Azerbaijan, which started to renovate all roads in the region, has built 2 international airports in Fuzuli and Zangilan in the last 3 years. Hundreds of families returned to the houses built by the state in Zangilan, Fuzuli, and Lachin. Azerbaijan spent $7 billion for the reconstruction and reconstruction of the region in 3 years.
Azerbaijan, determined to maintain its success in the war at diplomatic relations, continued its attempts to achieve peace with Armenia and proposed Armenia sign a peace treaty based on principles such as mutual recognition of each other's sovereignty, territorial integrity, and commitment not to make territorial claims. Armenia announced that it accepted these conditions.
Thus, a process has begun between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which is expected to result in a peace agreement in the future. The process is being carried out in a three-way process mediated by Russia, the United States, and the European Union.
Azerbaijan is waiting for a response from Armenia on the latest proposals submitted to Yerevan on the peace agreement.
Armenia, which was defeated in the Second Karabakh War, withdrew some of its armies from Azerbaijan but left some of them with a large number of weapons and ammunition to the illegal so-called Armenian regime in Karabakh.
Although the Azerbaijani administration demanded Armenia to withdraw its armies for 3 years and the so-called regime in Karabakh to give up its claims and dissolve itself, these demands were ignored.
In response to this situation, Azerbaijan launched an "anti-terrorist operation" on Sept 19, 2023, to restore the constitutional structure in Karabakh.
During the operation, which lasted approximately 24 hours, Armenian armed units and illegal forces in Karabakh laid down their arms. The Armenian forces, who abandoned their positions and retreated, handed over their weapons to the Azerbaijani army. Thus, in the words of President Aliyev, "Azerbaijan has fully established its sovereignty" in Karabakh.